Once you use Windows Operating System you should perform a defragmentation of the hard drive. Information that is stored on the hard drive is not necessarily located in one set position. During the course of using your computer data can be fragmented especially as you continue to save more data on the hard drive.
Once this occurs the computer spends more time trying to retrieve data, which in turn slows down the overall processing speed of the computer. By running defragmentation, each file will then be stored in the same location. You should notice that your computer runs comparatively faster after you have performed this process.
There are a few things you should do before running the defragmentation program. Do not begin defragmenting your computer without first performing these simple steps.
1. Create a back up of all the information that is presently on your hard drive. You may do this by copying the information to an external hard drive, CDs, DVDs, an external hard drive or jump drive(s). Ensure that all the files are on the media chosen for storage. There is always the possibility that you could lose information after running Disk Defragmentation.
2. Run CHKDSK to ensure the hard drive is healthy. This will scan the drive for any errors or problems that may preclude running the Disk Defragmentation.
3. Ensure all programs are closed. Disable virus scan and other programs that are set to automatically activate once the computer is in use.
4. Ensure the power supply is stable. If you live in an area that experiences frequent power outages have a back up power source on hand just in case. If you start the Defragmentation program and there is a sudden loss of power this could negatively affect the hard drive and operating system.